Big Trees of Washington County

 
 


I think that I shall never see A poem lovely as a tree. Joyce Kilmer

Links: Maryland Big Tree, Washington County Big Tree Slide Show, Maryland Big Tree Program     


American dogwood

 

Big trees inspire awe and admiration. Their immense, enduring presence invites us to consider the events they have witnessed, the lives they have touched. While almost all of eastern North America’s original forests have been removed, they remain as living reminders of a bygone era.


The Big Tree program began with Frederick W. Besley, Maryland’s first state forester, who compiled the “Noted Tree List” for Maryland in 1925. The list grew quickly and the search was extended to include the biggest specimens of trees of all species growing in Maryland (big or little.) The program soon became a national endeavor, and the search, measurement, and recordation of “big trees” continues to the present time.


Currently there are 137 species of trees with registered examples in Maryland.  A tree is defined as a woody plant having a circumference of at least 9.5” measured 4.5’ above the ground, and a height of at least 13’. The list includes trees that are native or naturalized, meaning that while not native, they can grow and reproduce on their own.


The current list of Maryland’s champion big trees, and much more, can be found at Maryland Big Tree,. A complete list of eligible tree species and the list of current national champions can be found at American Forests’ National Big Tree Program. Information about the program, how to measure trees, how points are calculated, and nomination forms can be found at MDBigTree, as well as the two previous links.


There are many non-native tree species in Maryland, which are not considered naturalized. Some of these species can grow quite large, such as ginkgo, European beech, horsechestnut, English elm, and others. If individuals of these species are nominated, they will be measured and registered, but they are not eligible for championship status at the national level. They can be state and county champions.


There are many species of trees common to Washington County for which we have no registered example. These include black walnut, American beech, white pine, chestnut oak, and many others. Below is a current list of our county’s big trees.  The ‘S’ denotes a state champion or co-champion, of which we have eight. Pictures of most of these trees can be viewed on our Big Tree Slide Show. The list and the photo page are updated at intervals as nomination and re-measurement of trees are made. A few of the trees in the list may not be registered Maryland Big Trees, but are part of the Board’s Washington County Big Tree Data Base.


Also see the list of Washington County Big Trees along with their photos at: Maryland Big Tree

The list below is current through December, 2015.

Common Name                          Scientific name                               Circumference      Height          ACW             Points


Red oak acorns

 

Chestnut oak

 

Sycamore

 

American beech

 

White pine

 

Black oak acorns

 

White oak

 

Eastern redcedar

 

Red maple

 

Red oak

 

Silver maple

 

Pin oak

 

Black oak

 

Northern white-cedar

 

Sassafras

 

Chestnut oak acorn

 

Staghorn sumac

 

Black gum

 

Norway spruce cone

 

White oak acorns

 

Crabapple

 

Eastern redbud

 

Ash, Green -S

Ash, Green

Ash, Green

Ash, Green

Ash, White

Ash, White

Aspen, Bigtooth

Aspen, Bigtooth

Boxelder

Bald Cypress

Basswood, American

Basswood, American

Beech, Copper

Buckeye, Yellow-S

Cherry, Mazzard

Cherry, Mazzard

Coffeetree, Kentucky S

Coffeetree, Kentucky

Cottonwood, Eastern -S

Cottonwood, Eastern

Cottonwood, Eastern

Cottonwood, Eastern

Fir, Nordmann

Ginkgo

Ginkgo

Hackberry, Common -S

Hackberry, Common

Hackberry, Common

Hackberry, Common

Hackberry, Common

Hackberry, Common

Hickory, Bitternut

Hickory, Bitternut

Hickory, Shagbark

Holly, American

Hornbeam, American

Horse chestnut

Magnolia, Cucumber

Magnolia, Cucumber

Maple, Black-S

Maple, Red

Maple, Silver

Maple, Silver

Maple, silver

Mulberry, white -S

Oak, black

Oak, Burr

Oak, Chinkapin -S

Oak, Chinkapin -S

Oak, Chinkapin

Oak, Chinkapin

Oak, Chinkapin

Oak, Chinkapin

Oak, Pin

Oak, Pin

Oak, Red

Oak, Red

Oak, Red

Oak, Red

Oak, Shumard

Oak, White

Oak, White

Oak, White

Oak, White

Oak, White

Oak, White

Oak White

Oak, White

Pawpaw, Common

Pawpaw, Common

Pine, pitch

Sassafras

Spicebush

Sweetgum

Spruce, Norway

Sycamore

Sycamore

Sycamore

Sycamore

Tupelo, Black gum

Walnut, black

Willow, weeping

Yellow Poplar

Fraxinus pennsylvanica

Fraxinus pennsylvanica

Fraxinus pennsylvanica

Fraxinus pennsylvanica

Fraxinus Americana

Fraxinus Americana

Populus grandidentata

Populus grandidentata

Acer negundo

Taxodium distichum

Tilia americana

Tilia americana

Fagus sylvatica cuprea

Aeschulus flava

Prunus avium

Prunus avium

Gymnocladus dioicus

Gymnocladus dioicus

Populus deltoides

Populus deltoides

Populus deltoides

Populus deltoides

Abies nordmanniana

Ginkgo biloba

Ginkgo biloba

Celtis occidentalis

Celtis occidentalis

Celtis occidentalis

Celtis occidentalis

Celtis occidentalis

Celtis occidentalis

Carya cardiformis

Carya cardiformis

Carya ovata

Ilex opaca

Carpinus caroliniana

Aesculus hippcastanum

Magnolia acuminata

Magnolia acuminata

Acer nigrum

Acer rubrum

Acer saccarinum

Acer saccarinum

Acer sacarrinum

Morus alba

Quercus velutina

Quercus macrocarpus

Quercus muehlenbergii

Quercus muehlenbergii

Quercus muehlenbergii

Quercus muehlenbergii

Quercus muehlenbergii

Quercus muehlenbergii

Quercus palustris

Quercus palustris

Quercus rubra

Quercus rubra

Quercus rubra

Quercus rubra

Quercus shumardii

Quercus alba

Quercus alba

Quercus alba

Quercus alba

Quercus alba

Quercus alba

Quercus alba

Quercus alba

Asimina triloba

Asimina triloba

Pinus rigida

Sassafras albidum

Lindera benzoin

Liquidamber stryaciflua

Picea abies

Plantanus occidentalis

Plantanus occidentalis

Plantanus occidentalis

Plantanus occidentalis

Nyssa sylvatica

Juglans nigra

Salix babylonica

Lireodendron tulipifera

15’5”

16’5”

13’3”

13’7”

13’4”

23’0”

6’8”

5’3”

9’8”

9’10”

12’3”

12’3”

13’11”

13’3”

6’5”

6’1”

18’7”

13’6”

18’0”

14’7”

14’5”

13’1”

9’7”

14’8”

13’4”

20’2”

12’7”

13’0”

13’1”

11’4”

9’4”

11’10”

8’7”

8’3”

6’0”

6’0”

12’4”

17’4”

12’8”

5’8”

14’6”

18’0”

16’4”

15’6”

18’8”

15’5”

12’8”

14’10”

14’8”

14’11’

14’2”

13’8”

12’10”

13’1”

11’1”

15’8”

15’5”
16’7”

13’8”

8’3”

15’11”

16’5”

16’5” 16’6”

16’5”

16’0”

16’1”

11’9”

2’8”

2’8”

8’6”

6’4”

2’5”

10’8”

10’0”

21’4”

20’6”

18’0”

20’4”

13’6”

10’7”

18’4”

18’3”

85.5’

68’

77’

58’

76’

75’

40’

34’

67’

48’

63’

68.5”

72’

57.5’

39’

35.5’

84’

75’

94.5’

96.5’

80.5’

93’

31’

79’

83’

96’

77’

80.5’

66.5’

76’

52’

60.5’

73’

66.5’

32’

49.5’

62’

42’

45.5

43’

67.5’

97’

103’

108’

97’

73’

98.5’

95’

96’

98’

102’

96’

103’

88’

75’

76’

101’

86’

79’

55’

111.5’

90’

113’

93’

93’

98.5’

85”

88’

21’

27’

43’

54’

26’

80’

55’

113.5’

92’

84’

65’

52.5’

77’

76.5’

124.5’

324

289

239

232

291

269

200

177

195

187

262

255

256

256

167

143

317

270

368

332

309

252

210

285

279

373

255

253

251

240

236

243

226

197

120

135

234

348

272

164

308

361

352

303

299

287

291

297

294

282

279

269

261

276

262

310

309

308

283

228

318

318

313

308

303

299

275

244

73

70

170

185

52

236

210

408

374

362

348

256

250

314

378


Pitch pinecone

 

118’

68’

77’

58’

112’

106’

110’

105’

62”

57’

99’

91’

82’

83’

80’

61’

79’

89’

128’

133’

116’

72’

86’

98’

95’

107’

87’

77’

77’

85’

112’

86’

108’

81’

40’

51‘    

72’

129’

109’

85’

117;

121’

134’

95’

51’

88’

110’

95’

94’

78’

83’

81’

81

97’

110

103’

99’

87’

99’

115’

99’

98’

88’

87’

88’

82’

62”

81’

54’

31’

57’

95’

16’

88’

77’

124’

105

125’

88’

82’

104

75’

128’